Hendrik Johannes Cruijff OON (Dutch: [ˈjoːɦɑn ˈkrœy̆f]), born 25 April 1947), known as Johan Cruyff, is a former Dutch footballer and was until recently the manager of the Catalonia football team. He won the Ballon d'Or three times, in 1971, 1973 and 1974, which was a record jointly held with Michel Platini, Marco van Basten and Lionel Messi until Messi won his 4th award in 2012. Cruyff was one of the most famous exponents of the football philosophy known as Total Football explored by Rinus Michels, and is widely regarded as one of the greatest players in football history. The President of the State of Israel, Shimon Peres said Cruyff "gave football a social content" and "made it an educational process".
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