You can think of the planets as symbolizing core parts of the human personality, and the signs as different colors of consciousness through which they filter through.
The aspects describe the geometric angles between the planets. Each shape they produce has a different meaning.
Chart patterns are a collection of aspects that are grouped together to reveal a larger geometric pattern within the chart.
Click here to show this chart's houses. Chart houses split the chart into twelve realms, beginning from the ascendant, which add another dimension of themes corresponding to the signs starting from Aries.